Make your own free website on

Some of the words we use on this site are sometimes a little historically technical. Therefore, we thought it might be nice for us to have a little dictionary for us to put the more less known words so you can look them up. And this is it: The Semper Eadem Historical Dictionary!



Abbess Noun (Plural: Abbots)
Head Nun at an Abbey
Abbot Noun (Plural: Abbots)
Head Monk at an Abbey
Achievement  Noun (Plural: Achievement)
heraldry, the full heraldic design of a family including supporters and a crest.
Alderman Noun (Plural: Aldermen)
Senior Member of a town or city council before the restructuring of the Local Government system in 1974.
Altar  Noun (Plural: Altars)
Table in church used for the consecration of communion. Often, in older or catholic churches, the bones of a saint ("relics") would be imbedded in the altar.
Angle Noun (Plural: Angles)
Member of the Germanic race that invaded England with the Saxons, and held power there for much of the first millennium. There name gave rise to the terms English (Anglish) and England (Angleland). Upon seeing "Anglish" prisoners in Rome, Pope Gregory I sent missionaries to convert "Angland" to Christianity.
Archbishop Noun (Plural: Archbishops)
A bishop of the highest rank. Head of an archdiocese or an ecclesiastical province (Church of England, Catholic).
Arms Noun 
A heraldic design.


Baron Noun (Plural: Barons)
Low ranking British noblemen, and in Japan. However, it can be a nobleman of various rank in other countries. For example Baron von Richtorfen (First World War Flying Ace). 
Baroness Noun (Plural: Baronesses)
Low ranking female British aristocrat, and in Japan. However, it ca be a noblewomen of various rank in other countries. Wife of a Baron. For example, Baroness Thatcher.
Baronet Noun (Plural: Baronets)
Lowest ranking nobleman, using the prefix Sir instead of Lord, with the suffix "Bt".
BCE Abbreviation: Before Common Era 
Term replacing BC in the modern timescale, referring to the time before the Birth of Christ.  (See also CE)
Bishop Noun (Plural: Bishops)
The highest ranking member of the clergy in a Diocese (Church of England, Catholic)
Bishopric Noun (Plural: Bishoprics)
The diocese or the rank of a Bishop. Also known as a "see".
Black Death Noun 
An epidemic of Bubonic Plague that swept through Europe and Asia in the 14th Century, killing many.
Bronze Age Noun 
Time period stretching from 2,000BC - 700BC, during which metalworking was introduced.
Cardinal Noun (Plural: Cardinals)
A senior clergyman in the Roman Catholic Church, next down in rank to the Pope. The Cardinals elect a new Pope from one of their own number.
CE Abbreviation: Common Era 
Term replacing AD (Anno Domini) in the modern timescale, referring to the time after the Birth of Christ.  (see also BCE)
Celt Noun (Plural: Celts)
The Celts were the dominant race in Europe during the Iron Age. 
Chancel Noun (Plural: Chancels)
The area around the altar for the use of the clergy and usually also contains the choir stalls.  
Civil War Noun (Plural: Civil Wars)
An internal war between to factions within a country, i.e. The English Civil War and the Wars of the Roses
Civitas Capital Noun 
This Latin phrase referring to an important Roman settlement which was previously a tribal administrative centre. Leicester was a Civitas Capital.
Conduit Noun (Plural: Conduits)
Pipe or channel for carrying water or sewage
Corieltauvi Noun (or Coritani or Coritavi)
The tribe who controlled Leicestershire during the Iron Age. Their territory stretched across the east Midlands from as far north as the Humber. Leicester is thought to have been one of the administrative centres of the tribe, which is believed to have had two leaders at a time. The other centre is thought to have been in Lincolnshire, at Old Sleaford.
Corporation Noun (Plural: Corporations)
A local governing body of a incorporated town or city. The Leicester Corporation dissolved to form the democratically elected Leicester City Council.
Countess Noun (Plural: Countesses)
Middle ranking female aristocrat, between Viscountess and Marchioness. Wife of an Earl. For example, Countess of Wessex.
County Noun (Plural: Counties)
An administrative area of England, such as Leicestershire. However, originally this was the area controlled by a Count or an Earl, especially in Medieval Europe. If a Count/Earl held more than one county, he could appoint a Viscount to carry out his affairs.
Domesday Book Noun 
Book containing information gathered in the Domesday Survey of England during the reign of King William of Normandy.
Duchess Noun (Plural: Duchesses)
Highest ranking female aristocrat, apart from the monarch. Wife of a Duke. For example, Duchess of Kent.
Duke Noun (Plural: Dukes)
Highest ranking aristocrat, apart from the monarchy. For example, Duke of Rutland.
Earl Noun (Plural: Earls)
Middle ranking British nobleman, between Viscount and Marquess. This is equivocal to the term "Count" on the continent. For example, Earl of Leicester.
Flint Knapping See Knapping
Genealogy Noun (Plural: Genealogies)
Searching for information about family history, including constructing a family tree etc.
Hill Fort Noun (Plural: Hill Forts)
These are non-military Iron Age settlements, there main purpose being to govern the surrounding area. 
Industrial Revolution Noun 
An era, usually dated from 1750 to 1900, when industry took off, first in the United Kingdom and then spreading to the rest of the world (including the United States). During this time, there were many industrial innovations and discoveries. The wool industry, for instance, went from the small Cottage Industry, to full blown mass production. 
Iron Age Noun 
Time period stretching from 700BC - AD43, during which Iron was first used in Britain. The iron age ended with the coming of the Romans
Knap Verb
To Carry out the process of flint knapping.
Knapping Noun 
Process used to create flint tools. Small parts of the stone are knocked off at a time, to leave the desired cutting edge or shape.
Lady Noun (Plural: Ladies)
Prefix used for female members of the nobility in the United Kingdom. 
Legate Noun (Plural: Legates)
Emissary of the Pope, who represents the Papal Authority in Rome, usually on political issues.  
Lord Noun (Plural: Lords)
Prefix used for male members of the nobility in the United Kingdom. 
Marquess Noun (Plural: Marquesses)
Senior nobleman, second in rank to a duke, and above an Earl. On the continent, the term is Marquis. This is used by some British Marquesses also.
Marchioness Noun (Plural: Marchionesses)
Senior noblewomen, second in rank to a Duchess, and above a Countess. On the continent, the term is Marquise. This is used by some British Marchionesses also. The wife of a Marquess.
Marquis Noun (Plural: Marquises)
See Marquess
Marquise Noun (Plural: Marquises)
See Marchioness
Mesolithic Era Noun (Technical Term)
Also called "Middle Stone Age", relating to the time period 9500 BC - 4500 BC. 
Neolithic Era Noun (Technical Term)
Also called "New Stone Age", relating to the time period 4500BC - 2000BC
Norman Noun (Plural: Normans)
A member of the Viking people who successfully invaded the French province of Normandy and later England under Duke William of Normandy.
Oppida Noun (Plural: Oppidas)
The first towns in Europe. These were defended settlements which often served as a tribal capital. 
Palaeolithic Era Noun (Technical Term)
Also known as the "Old Stone Age", relating to the time period 300000BC - 9500BC. 
Parliamentarian Noun (Plural: Parliamentarians)
Supporters of the Parliamentary Cause against the King during the English Civil War.
Pope Noun (Plural: Popes)
Leader of the Roman Catholic Church on Earth, and the Bishop of Rome. He is also known as the Pontiff, Primate of Rome, and the Vicar of Christ. The first Pope was Peter, who was told "upon this rock [Peter mean rock] I shall build my church".
Pre History Noun
Referring to the time from which no written records survive.
Primogeniture  Noun (Technical Term)
The principle of inheritance or succession by the eldest son, brought to Leicester by Simon de Montfort.
Radiocarbon Dating Noun 
cientific method of dating using the rate of decay of radio active Carbon-14 into Nitrogen.
Revolution, Industrial Noun 
See Industrial Revolution
Roman Noun (Plural: Romans)
A citizen of the Ancient Roman Empire, or of such. Also a citizen of modern Rome, or of such. 
Royal Charter Noun (Plural: Royal Charters)
A document allowing a town, city or corporation to use a coat of arms, motto, the term Royal in their name, or giving the blessing of the Monarchy. 
Royalist Noun (Plural: Royalist)
A supporter of the King's Cause during the English Civil War. 
Sanctuary Noun (Plural: Sanctuaries)
This area directly around the altar in church. Also, in Middle Ages, you could seek sanctuary by going into the church. Usually, with respect for the church, your pursuers would respect the sanctity of the church.
Saxon Noun (Plural: Saxon)
A member of the Germanic people that invaded English with the Angles and held power there for much of the first millennium. 
See Noun 
The area which is covered by a Bishops power, also known as a diocese.  
Stone Age Noun
Period of time stretching from 300,000BC to 2,000BC. The stone age began with the first people arriving in Britain, to the dawn of the Bronze age. Split into three sections (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic)
Tabernacle Noun (Plural: Tabernacles)
In Christianity, a box or container used to hold the consecrated body of Christ. In Judaism, this referred to a tent covering the Arc of the Covenant. 
Tudor Noun (Plural: Tudors)
A person who lived at the time when the Tudor dynasty was in power in England. Also, a member of the Tudor dynasty. 
Transept Noun (Plural: Transepts)
The wings of a standard (cross) shaped church. In such transepts, side altars, and graves effigies would often be placed.  
Ultimogeniture Noun (Technical Term)
The principle of inheritance or succession by the youngest son, abolished in Leicester by Simon de Montfort.
Vassal Noun (Plural: Vassals)
A feudal landowner who is obliged to pay homage and loyalty to another feudal Lord in return for being allowed to occupy that Lords land and recieve protection. 
Victorian Noun (Plural: Victorians)
Citizen of the British Empire who lived during the reign of Her Imperial Majesty, Queen Victoria (~1930-1901). 
Viking Noun (Plural: Vikings)
Members of an ancient Scandinavian race which invaded the northern part of England in the late first millennium. 
Viscount Noun (Plural: Viscounts)
Lower ranking nobleman, higher than a Baron and lower than an Earl.
Viscountess Noun (Plural: Viscountesses)
Lower ranking noblewomen, higher than a Baron and lower than a Countess.